Lynch H, Milgrom P..
Mar 31, 2003 A prospective trial in Finland has demonstrated that children of mothers treated with Xylitol had lower levels of S. mutans (bacteria) than children of mothers treated with chlorhexidine or fluoride varnish.
Peldyak J, Makinen KK.
Oct 01, 2002 "The appealing sensory and functional properties of Xylitol facilitate a wide arrary of applications that promote oral health."
Hujoel PP, Makinen KK, Bennett CA, Isotupa KP, Isokangas PJ, Allen P, Makinen PL.
Mar 01, 2002 "Habitual Xylitol gum-chewing may have a long-term preventive effect by reducing the caries risk for several years after the habitual chewing has ended."
Jan 01, 2002 These studies observed the reduction of cavity rates among subjects using Xylitol and sorbitol as the sugar substitutes in chewing gum and toothpaste. The highest cavity reductions were observed in subjects using Xylitol.
Steinberg LM, Odusola F, Mandel ID..
Jan 01, 2002 "Chewing Xylitol and sorbitol gums reduced plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation. In addition, both gums enhanced the remineralization potential of plaque. Xylitol gum showed a superior effect with respect to remineralization potential and plaque reduction."
Nordblad A, Suominen-Taipale L, Murtomaa H, Vartiainen E, Koskela K..
Jan 01, 2002 The aim of the campaign was to increase consumption of Xylitol chewing gum in 13-year-old school children, to promote their oral health.
Jan 01, 2002 "The shift from higher S. mutans (bacteria) scores to lower was greater in the Xylitol group than in the control group. This study supports the suggestion that chewing Xylitol gum may reduce S. mutan levels."
Jan 01, 1998 Clinical trials indicate that Xylitol gum has a useful anticaries role, superior to the effects of sorbitol gum. In addition, Xylitol's antibacterial properties seem likely to lead to caries reductions superior to the more modest reductions with sorbitol gum.
Calamari SE, Azcurra AI, Luna Maldonado ER,.
Oct 01, 1997 "Since the sugars salivary clearance is part of a process intended to prevent dental caries, our results suggest that Xylitol adds antoher mechanism of action to its well known cariostatic and anticaries properties."
Lingstrom P, Lundgren F, Birkhed D, Takazoe I, Frostell G..
Apr 01, 1997 "Regarding the plaque index, Xylitol gave lower scores compared to the other 3 periods."
Virtanen JI, Bloigu RS, Larmas MA..
Aug 01, 1996 This analysis indicated that participation of subjects in the Xylitol chewing gum trials resulted in a significant reduction in the number of first restorations and hence in costs during the decade after the onset of gum use.
Honkala E, Rimpela A, Karvonen S, Rimpela M.
Jan 01, 1996 "The increase in use of Xylitol chewing gum is an example of the positive effect of health education given by a comprehensive, preventively oriented system of dental health care in association with commercial interests."
Makinen KK, Bennett CA, Hujoel PP, Isokangas PJ, Isotupa KP, Pape HR Jr, Makinen PL..
Dec 01, 1995 "The four Xylitol gums were most effective in reducing caries rates, the most effective agent being a 100% Xylitol pellet gum. This gum was superior to any other gum."
Jan 01, 1992 "Prolonged use of Xylitol or Xylitol containing chewing gum reduces Streptococcus mutans counts in plaque and saliva, at the same time fostering remineralization of early caries lesions. Regular use of Xylitol reduces the acidogenic potential of the plaque as well as its adhesiveness, at the same time increasing its mineral content."